Someone who consumes wiki content but does not contribute to it by adding tags, comments or refining content is considered a Spectator.


A healthy wiki is, at it’s essence, a knowledge repository. It is fair and safe to assume that some members of the community, perhaps a large portion, simply need the information in the wiki but don’t generate any new information or insights on their own. This is an important precursor to a Contributor as these people already understand the value of the resource itself, and it may be only a matter of time and encouragement before they will want to contribute their own thoughts.


A spectator may be a manager or a colleague from another group which has nothing, at this time, to contribute, but comes to your departmental wiki frequently to get phone numbers or group member names, other needed information.

Related Patterns

  • Ambassador – A Spectator develops into an Ambassador by being diligent about including links to wiki content that they’ve extracted, but encouraging those who have something to add to do so at the original source on the wiki rather than generate off-line documentation.
  • Champion – Passionate, enthusiastic person who advocates for a new technology, provides guidance, reduces obstacles, and is essential to the success of adoption.
  • Gnome – Person who performs small edits on a wiki to continually improve its overall quality (also often known as a Gardener).
  • Patron – A high-ranking person in your organization who supports a technology adoption project and, by doing so, confers a degree of legitimacy that can increase the likelihood of success.